|State of Grenada
|Form of government
||Parliamentary monarchy in the Commonwealth
||East Caribbean dollar
|Telephone area code
The Caribbean island state of Grenada is located at
the southern end of the Inner Antilles Arch and consists
of the islands of Grenada (310 km²) and Carriacou (34
km²) as well as other small coral islands. Carriacou and
Petit Martinique belong to the southern Grenadines. In
the north, Grenada borders on the territory of the
island state of St. Vincent and the Grenadines.
The main island of Grenada and the southern
Grenadines are of volcanic origin. In Grenada, a
mountain range runs through the country from north to
south, which rises to a maximum of 840 m (Mount Saint
Catherine). The Grand Etang crater lake is located at an
altitude of around 550 m. The mountain country is
divided by valleys and rivers and drops steeply towards
the west. There are long, wide sandy beaches on the
coasts. The island of Carriacou is around 33 km
northeast of Grenada and is characterized by a chain of
hills up to 300 m high.
The capital of the island state, St. George's, is
located on the west coast of the island of Grenada.
Grenada has a tropical climate with consistently high
temperatures all year round (average 28 ˇăC). The
north-east trade wind ensures high amounts of
precipitation: up to 1,500 m are measured annually on
the coast, up to 4,500 mm on the mountain slopes facing
the wind. About three quarters of the precipitation
falls in the rainy season from June to December. In the
dry season from January to March it is a bit cooler at
night, the temperatures can drop to 18 ˇăC.
Flora and fauna
From the original tropical rainforest with its
biodiversity, there are only remnants in the mountains
on the island of Grenada. Today the country is used
intensively for agriculture (cocoa and spice
plantations). The forests in the Grenadines are almost
completely cut down.
Most of the wildlife was introduced by humans. These
include, for example, Monameric cats, mongooses and
agoutis. The reptile and bird life is rich in species,
as is the aquatic fauna in the waters off the coast.
According to COUNTRYAAH, 104,600 people live in the island state of
Grenada, most of them on the main island of the same
name. The capital city of St. George with around 10,000
residents is the largest city. About 6,100 people live
on Carriacou, and around 700 on the only two square
kilometers of Petit Martinique Island. Over 80% of the
population are black and descendants of African slaves.
Mongrels have a share of about 13%, around 3% of the
population are descendants of Indian contract workers
who came to the island as workers after the abolition of
slavery. Over 90% of people are committed to the
Christian faith; Overall, more than half of Grenada's
residents are Catholics and only around 25% Anglicans.
There are also smaller groups of Methodists,
Presbyterians and Baptists.
The official language in Grenada is English, and
Patois (Grenadian Creole) is also spoken. The population
growth is 1.5%, the average life expectancy is 65 years.
School attendance is compulsory for children between the
ages of six and 14. The literacy of the population is
estimated at 98%.
Under the 1974 constitution, the island state of
Grenada is a parliamentary monarchy in the British
Commonwealth of Nations. The head of state is the
British monarch Elizabeth II, who is represented on the
island by a governor general (since May 2013 C¨¦cile La
Grenade). The government is headed by the Prime Minister
(Keith Mitchell since February 2013), who is appointed
by the Governor General and is usually the leader of the
strongest political party in Parliament.
The Parliament consists of two chambers: the House of
Representatives with 15 members elected by the people
for five years and the Senate. Of the total of 13
senatorial posts, ten are assigned by the government and
three by the leader of the opposition (term of office
Grenada is divided into six parishes and a
"dependency" (Carriacou and Petit Martinique).
Grenada's economy is based on the export of
agricultural products (especially bananas and nutmegs)
and tourism. Due to the low level of diversification,
the economy can hardly react to disruptions. The economy
has been stagnating since the international financial
crisis in 2009. In the spring of 2013, the country
became insolvent. Unemployment has risen to over 40%.
Agriculture has a 5% share of gross domestic product
(GDP) and employs around a quarter of the workforce.
Your own food needs cannot be covered. Bananas, nutmegs,
cocoa, bananas, cinnamon, cloves, ginger and laurel are
exported (hence the island is also called Spice Island,
The only moderately developed industry contributes
11% to GDP and focuses on the processing of agricultural
products in mostly smaller companies. Textiles are also
manufactured. Carriacou, the Grenadine island, is known
for its long boat building tradition.
The most important source of foreign exchange is
tourism, whereby a large number of tourists only come to
the islands from the passing cruise ships as day
The most important foreign trade partners for exports
are the CARICOM countries, followed by Great Britain and
the USA. Food, machinery, means of transport, industrial
and consumer goods are primarily introduced. The main
supplier countries are the USA, followed by the CARICOM
countries and Great Britain.
There is an international airport (Point Salinas) on
Grenada, which was started with the help of Cuba and
completed by the USA. The road network covers around
The currency is the East Caribbean dollar.