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The Federated States of Micronesia are located in the
South Pacific and comprise a total of 607 islands (all
of the Caroline Islands with the exception of Palau)
with a land area of 702 km². Including the sea area,
the state territory covers approximately three million
square kilometers. The state consists of the four states
Pohnpei, Kosrae, Chuuk and Yap, which are each named
after their main islands of the same name. Kosrae is in
the far east, around 2,500 km to the west are the
islands of the Yap group.
The islands of the Federated States of Micronesia are
very different in their landscape forms. Pohnpei and
Kosrae are volcanic islands with steep, rugged
mountains. On Pohnpei the Nahnalaud reaches a height of
772 m, on Kosrae the Mount Finkol 629 m. The island of
Yap, on the other hand, consists of sedimentary rock and
has a slightly hilly landscape. The Truk (Chuuk)
archipelago includes several shallow atolls that
originated from volcanic activity and are surrounded by
one of the largest and longest barrier reefs in the
world. For many of the smaller islands, which are coral
in origin and protrude just a few meters from the water,
the annual rise in sea level due to global warming poses
a serious threat.
The capital of the Federated States of Micronesia is
Kolonia, the seat of government is in Palikir. Both
cities are on the island of Pohnpei.
The islands have a tropical, humid climate with high
temperatures all year round, which are between 26 ˇăC and
29 ˇăC. The average annual rainfall is 4,000 mm, it rains
about 300 days a year. The rainfall often falls in the
form of short, heavy showers. Only the months from
January to March are a bit drier. In general, the amount
of precipitation decreases from east to west.
Tropical cyclones occur frequently on the islands of
the Federated States of Micronesia (an average of 19 per
Flora and fauna
The vegetation is very different on the islands.
Evergreen tropical rainforest grows in the higher areas
of the volcanic islands, and bush and grass savannah in
the lower areas. Impenetrable mangrove forests are often
found along the coast. Coconut and screw palms
(pandanus) thrive on the flat coral islands with the
Native mammals are two bat species; all other
mammals, such as dogs, pigs, cattle and deer, have been
introduced by humans. Seabirds are numerous. The
endangered saltwater crocodiles are still living on the
western islands. In contrast to the wildlife on land,
the fauna in the waters off the coast is very diverse.
COUNTRYAAH, 108,000 people live in the Federated States of
Micronesia, just under half of them on the islands of
the State of Truk (Chuuk). Just under 20% of the
population live in city-like settlements, and village
communities are predominant. The capital Kolonia on
Pohnpei has 6 300 people; the largest city is Weno
(approx. 14,000 residents) on the island of Truk.
Over 95% of the population are Micronesians and
belong to one of the nine Micronesian ethnic groups;
there is also a Polynesian minority. Almost all people
are followers of Christianity, although the Roman
Catholic and Protestant faiths are almost equally
represented. The official language is English and
various Micronesian dialects are spoken as colloquial.
Population growth has declined sharply in recent
years and is now even negative (-0.1%), which is due to
the high rate of emigration. The average life expectancy
is almost 70 years. The literacy of the population is
estimated at 89%.
According to the 1979 Constitution, the Federated
States of Micronesia is a presidential republic. The
head of state is the president, who is also head of the
government (since May 2007 Manny Mori). It is determined
by the National Congress for a term of four years.
The 14 members of the National Congress as a
legislative body are elected by the people, four of them
for a four-year term as representatives of the four
states, ten as representatives of the individual
constituencies for two years. There are no political
The President, National Congress and Supreme Court
are based in Palikir on the island of Pohnpei.
The United States has been responsible for the
country's defense since 1986 through a free association
Each of the four states (Chuuk, Pohnpei, Kosrae, Yap)
has its own parliament and governor.
The Federated States of Micronesia are highly
dependent on US economic aid, which is based on a free
association agreement. Almost a third of Micronesians
live below the poverty line.
The most important sectors of the economy are
agriculture and fishing. Subsistence farming
predominates, betel nuts, kava, copra and shellfish are
exported. The sale of fishing licenses is also
important. The agricultural sector generates around 14%
of gross domestic product (GDP).
The service sector accounts for almost two thirds of
GDP and employs the vast majority of the working
population: around two thirds work in administration.
The industry is poorly developed (12% of GDP) and is
limited to the processing of agricultural products and
smaller companies in the building materials industry.
Crafts are made from shells, pearls and wood.
Micronesia exports go to Japan and the USA; the
imports - food, mineral fuels, machinery - come mainly
from the USA and Australia.
The expansion of tourism is still hampered by poor
infrastructure. The road network covers a total of
around 240 km, of which around 42 km are paved. Each of
the four states has an international airport. The most
important connections between the islands are ships and
The currency is the US dollar.